Abortiporus biennis Bull. Distribution Although an infrequent find, this wood-rotting fungus occurs throughout Britain and Ireland as well as in many parts of mainland Europe and North America. Taxonomic history In , when French mycologist Jean Baptiste Francois Pierre Bulliard described this species, he gave it the binomial scientific name Boletus biennis. The currently-accepted name Abortiporus biennis dates from a publication by German-American mycologist Rolf Singer. Synonyms of Abortiporus biennis include Boletus biennis Bull.
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Abortiporus biennis CCBS v1. Abortiporus biennis. Photo credit: Jean-Paul Maurice Abortiporus biennis. Within the framework of this project, we are sequencing keystone lineages of saprophytic, mycorrhizal, and endophytic fungi that are of special ecological importance. Dozens of sequenced species were harvested from Long Term Observatories to serve as the foundation for a reference database for metagenomics of fungi and for a comprehensive survey of the soil fungal metatranscriptome.
The white-rot Abortiporus biennis Abortiporus biennis Polyporales is a wood decomposing fungus common to temperate forests of the Northern hemisphere. It inhabits the wood of hardwood trees and occasionally also conifers and causes white rot of wood. The fungus can use a wide range of woody habitats: wood of living trees as well as decomposing tree trunks and logs, but also living and dead roots and woody debris buried in the soil showing the ability to compete under diverse conditions and to efficiently utilize wood at different stages of decomposition.
This makes it an obvious target for the study of interspecific interactions. Abortiporus biennis possesses a wide set of enzymes that metabolize lignin and phenolic compounds causing decomposition of polyphenols as well as polymerization of monolignols and is frequently applied in environmental biotechnologies.
Genome sequencing should aid the understanding of the regulation of gene expression in association with various habitats and during interactions with microorganisms in wood and soil. The strain used for sequencing was provided by Dr. Petr Baldrian. The 1KFG project is a large collaborative effort aiming for master publication s. Francis Martin for permission prior to the use of any data in publications.
Both forms are illustrated to the right. There are at least 55 taxonomic synonyms for Abortiporus, including many species names and genus names; this is probably at least partly because the two forms are so different looking and hard to reconcile, not only with each other, but with other polypores—and because Abortiporus biennis produces both sexual spores and asexual chlamydospores , resulting in the separate naming of anamorphic forms. Description: Ecology: Saprobic on the wood of hardwoods and occasionally conifers; growing alone or gregariously around the bases of stumps and living trees; causing a white rot in deadwood and a white trunk rot in living wood; summer and fall also winter and spring in warm climates ; widely distributed in North America. The illustrated and described collections are from Illinois and Missouri. Cap : 5—15 cm across; roundish-to semicircular, kidney-shaped, or irregular in outline; planoconvex; finely to thickly velvety, or sometimes more or less bald; dry; light brown to reddish brown or tan, with a pale margin; sometimes with concentric zones of brown shades. Pore Surface : Whitish, bruising and discoloring reddish or pinkish brown; pores appearing "stuffed" when young, later angular to maze-like or irregular, 1—4 per mm; tubes to 5 mm deep.
Abortiporus biennis (Bull.) Singer