Entsprechung zum dt. Seine Mutter sah er nur noch selten. Camus beschrieb Simone als Fee  und verfasste lyrische und philosophische Texte, die einen Bezug zu Simone hatten. Dennoch kam es am In Salzburg entdeckte er jedoch, dass seine Frau eine Beziehung zu ihrem Arzt unterhielt, der sie auch mit Drogen versorgte.
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Camus never knew him. Camus, his mother and other relatives lived without many basic material possessions during his childhood in the Belcourt section of Algiers.
He was a second-generation French immigrant to Algeria. His paternal grandfather, along with many others of his generation, had moved to Africa for a better life during the first decades of the 19th century. It was at that time that Camus turned to philosophy, with the mentoring of his philosophy teacher Jean Grenier.
He was impressed by ancient Greek philosophers and Friedrich Nietzsche. To earn money, he took odd jobs: as a private tutor, car parts clerk, and assistant at the Meteorological Institute. Any football ambitions disappeared when he contracted tuberculosis at the age of For him, the simplistic morality of football contradicted the complicated morality imposed by authorities such as the state and Church.
He subsequently discovered she was in a relationship with her doctor at the same time and the couple later divorced. He explained: "We might see communism as a springboard and asceticism that prepares the ground for more spiritual activities. Camus was expelled from the PCA for refusing to toe the party line. This series of events sharpened his belief in human dignity. Some of his scripts were the basis for his later novels.
By then, Camus had developed strong feelings against authoritative colonialism as he witnessed the harsh treatment of the Arabs and Berbers by French authorities. Each cycle consisted of a novel, an essay and a theatrical play. Camus volunteered to join the army but was not accepted because he had suffered from tuberculosis. As the Germans were marching towards Paris, Camus fled. He was laid off from Paris-Soir and ended up in Lyon , where he married pianist and mathematician Francine Faure on 3 December There he began writing his second cycle of works, this time dealing with revolt—a novel La Peste The Plague and a play Le Malentendu The Misunderstanding.
By he was known because of his earlier work. He returned to Paris where he met and became friends with Jean-Paul Sartre. Upon his arrival in Paris, he started working as a journalist and editor of the banned newspaper Combat. He continued writing for the paper after the liberation of France.
He gave lectures at various universities in the United States and Latin America during two separate trips. He also visited Algeria once more, only to leave disappointed by the continued oppressive colonial policies, which he had warned about many times.
Camus attacked totalitarian communism while advocating libertarian socialism and anarcho-syndicalism. His relations with the Marxist Left deteriorated further during the Algerian War. She had a mental breakdown and needed hospitalization in the early s. Camus, who felt guilty, withdrew from public life and was slightly depressed for some time. This came as a shock to him. At age 44, he was the second-youngest recipient of the prize, after Rudyard Kipling , who was After this he began working on his autobiography Le Premier Homme The First Man in an attempt to examine "moral learning".
He also turned to the theatre once more. The play opened in January at the Antoine Theatre in Paris and was a critical success. It reads: "From the General Council of the Yonne Department, in homage to the writer Albert Camus whose remains lay in vigil at the Villeblevin town hall on the night of 4 to 5 January " The monument to Camus built in Villeblevin , where he died in a car crash on 4 January Camus died on 4 January at the age of 46, in a car accident near Sens , in Le Grand Fossard in the small town of Villeblevin.
The car crashed into a plane tree on a long straight stretch of the Route nationale 5 now the RN 6. Camus, who was in the passenger seat and not wearing a safety belt, died instantly. There has been speculation that Camus was assassinated by the KGB because of his criticism of Soviet abuses. Camus had predicted that this unfinished novel based on his childhood in Algeria would be his finest work. The subject was the revolt by Spanish miners that was brutally suppressed by the Spanish government resulting in 1, to 2, deaths.
Each cycle consisted of a novel, an essay, and a play. The third, the cycle of the love, consisted of Nemesis. Each cycle was an examination of a theme with the use of a pagan myth and including biblical motifs. He analyses various aspects of rebellion, its metaphysics, its connection to politics, and examines it under the lens of modernity, of historicity and the absence of a God.
He then decided to distance himself from the Algerian War as he found the mental burden too heavy. He turned to theatre and the third cycle which was about love and the goddess Nemesis. There is scholarly debate about the relationship between the two books.
It was an autobiographical work about his childhood in Algeria.