He wanted his people to shake off the foreign yoke of servitude. Munda tribal folks were leading their quiet and uncomplicated lives in Chotanagpur plateau region. It was their homeland for ages. They have kept alive their age-old customs, culture, polity and socio-economic traditions for centuries. But it all changed during the British colonial period. The natives of the plateau area began to experiencing far too much in upheaval in their simple lifestyle.
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Birsa who was from the Munda tribe. Though he lived a very short life, his influence in liberating his community and tribesmen from the British exploitation and atrocities was enormous. His quest for freedom and self-rule for his community was his priority and therefore risked his life to ensure his vision came to reality. This made him a key player in the history of Indian independence movement.
Birsa Munda also served as a religious leader as he claimed to be a prophet from God and preached the one concept. He has also been named after several monuments of that country. His parents were farm laborers. The family predominantly moved from one place to other in the search for laborer jobs in farms.
However, Birsa Munda lived most of his formative year in Chalkadwhichconfuses people to presume that was his birthplace. Growing up, he took an interest in playing musical instruments especially the flute and the tuila, which was a one-string instrument, made from the pumpkins.
As mere farm laborers, the family lived in abject poverty. Therefore, the children lived with other family members. He had his early education at a school in Salga run by Jaipal Nag. Having an excellent academic record, he was persuaded by Jaipal Nag to enroll in a German Mission, but that meant he had to convert to Christianity.
Basir did exactly that, and his name was changed to Birsa David but would later leave the school after few years of studies. This became the basis of Basirredrew from the German School in support of the Sandars. The British government then initiated its plan to convert the tribal agrarian system into a feudal state. With this initiative, other non-tribal people invited to cultivate the land since the indigence crude method was less productive. This led to the loss of land by the tribal and agrarian breakdown and culture change hence the start of agitations to reclaim their land.
Basir who has started a campaign against the British rule led Mundas to revolt against the government. They wanted to emancipate themselves from the British rule, eliminate all sort of middlemen in the agrarian chain and also gain control of their lands. However, he was captured in February with some of his armies and jailed upon a tip-off.
He died four months later of what the British claimed to be cholera. Though he died very young, his legacy still lived. The revolt against the British led to the enactment of laws which ensured outsiders did not easily acquire lands of the tribal. It also led to the rekindle of the minds of the people to fight for their right and stand against injustice and the fight for freedom. His legacy became the basis for several other freedom fighters.
Try The Karma Quiz Now!! Personal Life Birsa Munda betrothed an unknown woman who he had expressed interest in and presented jewels to the family while he was in Sankara, in Singhbhum, but upon his return from jail, he found out of her infidelity and left her. The daughter of Mathura Muda of Koensar and the wife of Jaga Munda proposed becoming his wives, but he refused to marry them. He later lived with a Sali of Burudih. Basir was arrested alongside his guerrilla army in the Jamkopai forest in Chakradharpur on March 3, , by British troops.
He died on June 9, , aged 25 in Ranchi Jail where he was kept. Honors Birsa Munda has been named after several structures, institutions, and bodies in India.
Birsa who was from the Munda tribe. Though he lived a very short life, his influence in liberating his community and tribesmen from the British exploitation and atrocities was enormous. His quest for freedom and self-rule for his community was his priority and therefore risked his life to ensure his vision came to reality. This made him a key player in the history of Indian independence movement. Birsa Munda also served as a religious leader as he claimed to be a prophet from God and preached the one concept.
Early life[ edit ] Birsa Munda was born on 15 November , at Ulihatu in Bengal Presidency , now in the Khunti district of Jharkhand , on a Thursday, and hence named after that day, according to the then prevalent Munda custom. Ulihatu was the birthplace of Sugana Munda, father of Birsa. His early life could not have been very different from that of an average Munda child. Folklore refers to his rolling and playing in sand and dust with his friends, and his growing up strong and handsome in looks; he grazed sheep in the forest of Bohonda. When he grew up, he shared an interest in playing the flute, in which he became expert. He went round with the tuila, the one-stringed instrument made from the pumpkin, in the hand and the flute strung to his waist.