CHAEREAS AND CALLIRHOE PDF

Shelves: 01st-century Old? A novel? This book is, to some extent, a prototype of soap operas, lurid romances, and damsel-in-distress stories. It engages in some hyperbolic absurdities and plot contrivances. Callirhoe, the heroine, is more admirable than any of the men, including Chaereas, who are enchanted by her.

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Shelves: 01st-century Old? A novel? This book is, to some extent, a prototype of soap operas, lurid romances, and damsel-in-distress stories. It engages in some hyperbolic absurdities and plot contrivances. Callirhoe, the heroine, is more admirable than any of the men, including Chaereas, who are enchanted by her. But the novel is also remarkably sophisticated It shows insight into the darker instincts and motivations of people, and the ways in which they manipulate one another.

Then we were becalmed for a long time, and everyone died of thirst except me--I survived because of my piety. Theron has been preserved by his cunning and impiety, while the gods are planning for him to survive only to suffer more for his wickedness A central theme of the book is beauty and the dangers it attracts.

Callirhoe is one of those dazzling beauties who can cause entire cities to swoon. Extraordinary beauty is, of course, a great virtue. Especially for a woman. It even has its downside. Envy, lust, and covetousness are inspired everywhere. This book also explores the relationship between private individuals and the crowd. The public is an interesting force. It is emotional, it is unpredictable, it is prone to manipulation, and it is swayed by rumor, but it also is generally inclined to the good.

Its greatest significance is its power to restrain the wickedness of individuals. Because every powerful man would act without moral restraint if not for fear of lost honor and reputation. I think we cannot even count our male protagonist Chaereas as virtuous. After all, though he was a victim of plots, and he was brave in his kind, he suffered for his own outrageous jealousy after he kicked his wife in the chest so viciously she was presumed dead and was buried.

But his sidekick Polycharmus acts only out of loyalty and devotion to virtue, and Callirhoe herself is governed only by virtuous considerations, though they contradict one another e. The book is peppered with quotations from Homer, given a new context. There is the particular case of the assault on Tyre, which is at the same time incredible and surprising in its As one additional point, there is some unexpected sympathy expressed for a character who might, in a flatter novel, have been portrayed strictly as a villain.

The novel serves as a prototype for many imitations in the second century. It also forecasts developments in the mainstream literature of the western world. While it has its clunkiness in some scenes, it also has its unique charm and shows a lot of inspiration.

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CHAEREAS AND CALLIRHOE PDF

The name "Chariton", which means "man of graces", has been considered a pseudonym chosen to suit the romantic content of his writing, but both "Chariton" and "Athenagoras" occur as names on inscriptions from Aphrodisias. In the 19th century, before the discovery of the papyri, a date as late as the 6th century AD was proposed on stylistic grounds, while A. Papanikolaou argued in for the second half of the 1st century BC. If the source is Plutarch, then a date after the first quarter of the 2nd century is indicated. It was not published until the 18th century, and remained dismissed until the twentieth. It nevertheless gives insight into the development of ancient prose fiction.

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Callirhoe Summary

Chaereas is in Syracuse, where he falls in love with a woman called Callirhoe , whose beauty is ethereal, almost supernatural. Callirhoe is the daughter of a Peloponnesian War hero named Hermocrates, who is not only a war hero but the most influential figure in Syracuse. Callihroe is compared to Aphrodite because her beauty has a way of captivating people and almost spellbinding them. Chaereas and Callihroe marry, much to the anger and chagrin of her many other suitors. Some take channel their disappointment into causing a rift in the marriage; they band together and convince Chaeras that Callihroe is being unfaithful to him. He is furious and becomes physically abusive, kicking Callihroe so hard that she collapses. She is assumed dead and there is even a funeral service for her.

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