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Recent archaeological findings under the floor level of the west end of the basilica date from the 11th century. The oldest segment currently seen in the basilica is the wall of the southern aisle.
During the archaeological excavations two walled-up gates were found in the sacristy. Also found under the floor between the front altar and the sanctuary steps was a grave, most likely that of Abbot Uros. The church was extended during the reign of King Matthias, in which the present-day ceiling of the sanctuary, the eastern ends of the aisles and the Saint Benedict chapel were completed.
During the Turkish occupation the furnishings were entirely destroyed. Ferenc Storno was the last to undertake a major renovation of the church in the s. At this time the main altar, the pulpit, the frescoes of the ceiling, and the upper-level stained glass window depicting Saint Martin were added. Porta Speciosa and the cloister[ edit ] In the Middle Ages one of the main entrances to the church was the Porta Speciosa ornate entrance.
This portal leads to the church from the cloister quadrum or quadratura and it was crafted also in the 13th century. In the Renaissance Pannonhalma was rather depopulated with not more than 6 or 7 monks. The constructions were probably finished in , as it is testified by the inscription on one of the cornerstones. The small inner garden surrounded by the cloister was also called Paradisum Paradise metaphorically creating an earthly imitation of Biblical Paradise.
In medieval times mainly herbs were grown here so that those in need would recover the body in its wholeness and health as it was in Paradise. Library[ edit ] The library was finished in the first third of the 19th century. The longitudinal part of the building was planned and built by Ferenc Engel in the s.
Joseph Klieber, a Vienna master was asked to ornament the interior of the building. The holdings of the library have been increasing ever since. As of today, , volumes are kept in the collection. The construction of the two-story high, rectangular shaped hall with cavetto vault probably dates to the second half of the s. The paintings secco on the walls were created between and by Davide Antonio Fossati , a Swiss artist who later settled in Venice.
The secco on the ceiling depicts the apotheosis of King Saint Stephen. One of them can still be seen today in Pannonhalma. The edifice was originally covered by a metre high, double-shell dome with a colossal brass relief on it representing the Hungarian royal crown. Due to its deterioration, however, the outer shell had to be dismantled in —, and the building took its present form.
Two windows shed light on the interior, a circular, undivided room covered by a low dome i. Originally it was a place of worship for the non-native population living in the vicinity of the abbey. The chapel, with its three baroque altars and small, 18th-century organ, was renovated in , at which time the romantic ornamentation of the walls and the portal took place. The crypt beneath the church has served as the burial place of the monks for centuries. Near the Chapel stands a look-out tower from wood.
Today the arboretum has more than tree and bush species, many of which are rare species and varieties in Hungary. Archives[ edit ] The Pannonhalma Archives of the Benedictine Archabbey contains one of the richest and most valuable collections of documents from the first centuries of Hungarian statehood.
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