E-pee-DEN-drum click on the name to hear it spoken Tribe: Epidendreae Subtribe: Laeliinae Epiphytic or terrestrial, plants often grow n clumps of reed-like stems. Inflorescence terminal, apical. Column fused with lip entire length, rostellum formed by blade that produces semiliquid visidium, which when removed leaves a cleft in the rostellum. Pollinated by butterflies or hummingbirds. Genus first established by Linnaeus in to cover all epiphytic orchids known at the time. Epidendrum was first based on Epidendrum nodosum, later this species was moved to Brassavola.
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Their habitat can be epiphytic , terrestrial such as E. Many are grown in the Andes , at altitudes between 1, and 3, m. Their habitats include humid jungles, dry tropical forests, sunny grassy slopes, cool cloud forests, and sandy barrier islands. Members of this genus can be very aggressive colonisers of disturbed habitat, and many species which were once rare in this genus have become more common as the result of human activities.
For example, some of these plants can be found in greater abundance growing terrestrially along road cuts throughout their native ranges as the result of road construction.
The plants resemble Dendrobiums in form and habit typically, although they tend to be terrestrial rather than lithophytic and epiphytic, and do better in a humus rich, well aerated substrate. They grow in tufts, in racemose inflorescences, sometimes in corymbs or panicles. The apical, lateral or basal flowers are mostly small to medium in size and frequently are not marked by a conspicuous display. The inflorescences are frequently dense. Many species are fragrant.
The flowers may be produced only once, or during several years from the same or new inflorescences. The ellipsoid fruits are 3-ribbed capsules.
This genus has the following characteristics: a slit rostellum small extension or little beak to the median stigma lobe , producing a transparent or white thick and adhesive liquid. The genus Prosthechea was split off because the lip is not completely adnate to the apex of the column. The genus Coilostylis , recently split off from Epidendrum, has pseudobulbs, is an artificial genus and does not stand up to molecular analysis Epidendrum radicans in the wild.
Epidendrum sp. Initially, European taxonomists applied the generic epithet Epidendrum to all newly discovered epiphytic orchids. Gradually, many of these "Epidendrums" were recognized as being quite diverse and deserving of different generic epithets—many belong to different tribes or subtribes e. To add to the confusion, however, many descriptions of closely related species were published with different generic epithets. As if the confusion caused by these publications were not great enough, many closely related genera or perhaps subgenera, sections, or subsections have been recognized and published.
According to the modern rules of taxonomy, each new proposed genus that is split off from Epidendrum must bear the name of the oldest generic epithet published for a member of the new genus.
Hence, many genera which have been brought into synonymy with Epidendrum have later been segregated out again. Because most of these decisions rest on the informed opinions of authorities, the segregated taxa are often then re-published as synonyms.
Hence, some of the following information may seem a bit contradictory, especially if the assertion that two names are "synonyms" is misconstrued as an assertion that the two names mean exactly the same thing. The following genera have been brought into synonymy with Epidendrum: Amphiglottis.
Orchid Species: Epidendrum ciliare
Orchid Epidendrum ciliare