I have kept Hoya plants for many years and have successfully grown many other varieties of plants. The aim of this guide is to help you to give these beautiful tropical plants a basic level of care. Over millions of years, flowering plants have evolved into what they are today. They all have common basic requirements, such as light, water and air, but many have more specialised needs.
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They are climbing and clambering so they make a very interesting sight in any home. They are wax-stemmed and produce beautiful flowers. Many people like to grow them in their home, balcony or garden. These plants have been enjoyed for decades and they are very popular among many home gardeners.
The Hoys plant has wheel-like clusters of porcelain or waxy flowers. The flowers typically have stars in their crowns. The flowers often produce unique, enjoyable fragrance. Hoym was the first one who recognized the beauty and uniqueness of this plant and he brought it into prominence. The Hoya plant is native to southern India. These plants are also commonly found throughout eastern Asia and Australia. The Hoya plant is botanically classified in the asclepias milkweed family.
The most common species is Hoya carnosa variegata. This one is commonly grown as a houseplant. There are also other species and varieties some people choose to grow. For example, Hoya carnosa variegata has a very striking, variable foliage. The appearance of the foliage sometimes changes as the plant matures. Another variety, Hoya carnosa compacta, is an interesting plant. It has crumpled foliage. On the other hand, its blooms are among the most spectacular of the all Hoya plant varieties.
The Hoya plants that climb use small stem rootlets. When they are untrained they form a thick mat. Some of the species make beautiful baskets. The Hoya plants are generally known for its foliage. The plant has thick leaves of green, rimmed with white and red.
The leaves have a waxen texture, hence the name of the plant. Image by april-mo Hoya has beautiful blooms and they are uniquely looking. They seem as if they are fashioned from ivory of porcelain, with beautiful centers made of ruby and amethyst.
You will recognize this plant for its waxen ball of double, five-pointed stars. Hoya Plant Care Here are some basic tips and information on how to care for your Hoya plant.
The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions, which influence the care you should provide. You should place it in protected areas or in a greenhouse. A Hoya plant can also be kept in a sunny window. The foliage can be decorative and the plant will flower in late spring or summer. On the other hand, your Hoya plant can also thrive in a north window.
What is important to provide is enough light. The only exception is to grow your Hoya plant under fluorescent grow lights. A general rule of thumb here is to provide all but the hottest sun. When it comes to soil requirements, Hoya thrives in a moist, light, well-drained soil. You can use African Violet soil for your Hoya plants.
Just make sure to add some perlite. Watering should be such to allow your Hoya plant to grow in a moist soil in spring and summer. During winter, the soil should be dry, but not to the point of shriveled foliage. Keep in mind that a more frequent watering might be necessary in dry climates.
Some people choose to mist the leaves frequently. This will clean the foliage and increase humidity. This is a good thing to do, just make sure not to do it when the plant is budding or in flower.
The plant will go semi-dormant in winter. Fertilizer: Your Hoya plant will benefit from some fertilizer in the spring. You should apply a liquid food about once in every four weeks. The feeding should be applied times during the growing season. It will help the plant grow vigorously.
As pointed above, the plant is semi-dormant during that time so fertilizer is not required. Keep in mind that the lack of water or too much fertilizer can cause the foliage to develop brown edges. In some cases. The leaves might drop. The blooms will appear when the plant is most active, during spring and summer. Remember: you should never move or touch your Hoya plant during its blooming period. You should admire it from afar. Just like most other plants, Hoyas respond well to good care, so you should provide it.
Resist constant hovering, handling or moving. Most of the time, your Hoya plant is best to be left alone. Alternatively, you may use leaf cuttings in the same way you propagate African violets or gloxinias.
On average, a cutting or a leaf will produce a blooming plant in about two years sometimes even less! The quickest and easiest way to propagate your Hoya plants is by layering. All you need to do is to pin down a stem at the joint in a moist rooting medium. When the roots have formed, sever the new plant and pot it in a new container. Layering is great for those who want quick and good results. You can also root your Hoya cuttings in water.
Hoya varieties that do good when this method is used are Hoya carnosa with plain green leaves , a variegated form of carnosa and Hoya bella miniature. The reason is that seeds are scarce.
The blooms seldom produce seeds. The pollination is difficult so this is why this method is not common. In their native environment, the Hoya plants are pollinated by insects not known in other parts of the world America, Europe , so this is why starting Hoyas by seeds is very uncommon.
Probably the worst of them all is the root-knot nematode. Since Hoya plants are not commonly grown outdoors, this problem is not really common. In case your Hoya plant is dying from a nematode infection, the only thing you can do is to salvage leaf and stem cuttings and start a new plant from them. Make sure to destroy the roots and soil of the infected plant.
Aphids like the sweet juices of the Hoya plants. However, they can easily be controlled by most of the insecticide sprays or insecticidal soaps. Mealybugs will sometimes attack a Hoya plant but they can easily be controlled in the same way Aphids are controlled. Ants often accompany aphids and red spider mites might pose a problem but they can be kept away with a malathion spray use it periodically.
Additional Tips Here are some additional tips that will help you care for your Hoya plant and make it thrive. The Hoya plants have unique blooms, which are produces on knobby spurs. These spurs should stay on the plant even after the blossoms have faded. The plant will grow new buds on these spots. Fear not: it happens to many Hoyas grown indoors. Make sure to provide the optimal care discussed above.
In order to bloom, your Hoya plant needs to thrive. A Hoya plant flourish best when kept in bring light, with ample moisture around the roots and in humid air.
Winter care should be different than care given during a growing season. During winter, keep your plant cool 50 degrees F max and dry. If you continue with high temperatures and fertilizing you are promoting the leaf and stem growth, which prevents the formation of the flower buds, which will prevent your Hoya from flowering in the spring. During winter, when you observe that the buds are set, you may increase the temperature slightly.
You can grow most of them in your home. Hoya australis. This species has big, waxen, deep-green leaves. They are about 4 inches across. They can be recognized easily because they are splotched with silver. This plant is a strong grower and it likes to vines.
Hoya carnosa Hoyas are evergreen perennial creepers or vines or rarely, shrubs. They often grow epiphytically on trees; some grow terrestrially, or occasionally in rocky areas. They climb by twining, and with the employment of adventitious roots. They have simple entire leaves , arranged in an opposite pattern, that are typically succulent. Leaves may exhibit a variety of forms, and may be smooth, felted or hairy; veination may be prominent or not, and many species have leaf surfaces flecked with irregular small silvery spots.
HOYA LATIFOLIA PDF
JoJozuru Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Recently Viewed Products Hoya latifolia Plant. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Most hoyas prefer to yoya root bound in order to thrive and reward you with the gorgeous blooms! Flowers of a wild form Photograph by: Share and Connect Newsletter. When the cuttings have had the chance to plump up and regain moisture, they are ready for the rooting process. Last update on After latiolia you may repot but in the same size pot Powered by Zen Cart.
How to Grow a Hoya Plant