Ismat Chughtai is considered the trend setter in Urdu short story and touched new topics which were considered taboo when Urdu short story was in its infancy and its scope of topics was very much limited. Ismat wrote on diverse topics and issues. Woman, especially the middle class Muslim woman is one important topic of her short stories. Ismat brought out the issues of women in her short stories very artistically and with rare depth and eloquence.
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Ismat Chughtai is considered the trend setter in Urdu short story and touched new topics which were considered taboo when Urdu short story was in its infancy and its scope of topics was very much limited.
Ismat wrote on diverse topics and issues. Woman, especially the middle class Muslim woman is one important topic of her short stories. Ismat brought out the issues of women in her short stories very artistically and with rare depth and eloquence. Chughtai saw and knew about the issues and problems of women of her era and took keen interest in highlighting these through her short stories. She laments about the wretchedness and plight of women and of being her without education.
She wants to see women free from any male bondage and suppression. Through her short stories Ismat wants to awake the reader about the plight of women. She wants to break the male orthodoxy in society and subjugation of women. The women characters of Ismat Chughtai are different as compared to female characters depicted in earlier Urdu short stories. But Rahat develops interest in Hameeda and they make an illegitimate relationship and after a month Rahat leaves without marrying any one of them and this leaves Bi Amma devastated.
On leaving Rahat, Kubra dies the next morning of TB and thus comes an unexpected end to a miserable and wretched life of a poor girl. In Jadein Roots , Ismat tells a story about an old woman who is unable to understand the intricacies of Partition.
She is not ready to leave her land, country and her neighbours and likens this to death. As for me, where shall I go at this age. These poor saplings.
And after sometime her Hindu neighbour Roop Chandji brings back her children from Loni railway station and Amma heaves a sigh of relief. Thus a happy family is saved from this devastating partition which destroyed millions of lives dividing thousands of families. The story also depicts love between Hindus and Muslims who were not ready for this partition and division.
The husband of Begum Jaan, Nawab takes much interest in young and fair boys. Aamina starts giving tuition to children and helps her husband and thus shows the way to other woman, who are suppressed from centuries. She knows the language of these women and her characters speak this language with finesse and ease and with much boldness and here lies the distinctness and greatness of Ismat Chughtai.
The writer can be reached at ashjnu.
List of works by Ismat Chughtai
She was considered the grand dame of Urdu fiction, as one of the four pillars of modern Urdu short story, the other three being Saadat Hasan Manto, Krishan Chander, and Rajinder Singh Bedi. Her outspoken and controversial style of writing made her the passionate voice for the unheard, and she has become an inspiration for the younger generation of writers, readers and intellectuals. She was born in Badayun, Uttar Pradesh and grew up largely in Jodhpur where her father was a civil servant. She was ninth of ten children six brothers, four sisters , and since her older sisters got married while Ismat was very young, the better part of her childhood was spent in the company of her brothers, a factor which she admits contributed greatly to the frankness in her nature and writing. Her brother, Mirza Azim Beg Chughtai, already an established writer, when Ismat was still in her teens, was her first teacher and mentor. After her B.
The women in Ismat Chughtai’s short stories
Biography[ edit ] Early life and career beginnings —41 [ edit ] Ismat Chughtai was born on 21 August in Badayun, Uttar Pradesh to Nusrat Khanam and Mirza Qaseem Baig Chughtai; she was ninth of ten children—six brothers, four sisters. Chughtai described the influence of her brothers as an important factor which influenced her personality in her formative years. She thought of her second-eldest brother, Mirza Azim Beg Chughtai, a novelist, as a mentor. When I started to write, people were very shocked because I wrote very frankly [
Lihaaf Summary by Ismat Chughtai