It was created by architect Louis Kahn and is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. It houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh. But, Islam brought his teacher Louis Kahn into the project to do a significant work for future generation. Muzharul Islam assisted Kahn at the project.
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The legislature is commonly known as Parliament and often referred to simply as the Sangsad or JS. Members of Parliament are entitled to use the prefix "The Honourable".
The assembly approved the constitution on 4 November , and it took effect on 16 December  and the Constituent Assembly became the Provisional Parliament of Bangladesh until the first elections under the new constitution took place in The opening ceremony of the present Parliament House was performed on 15 February The last session of the second parliament was held in the new house on 15 February The constituencies are arranged as to coincide with the administrative Districts of Bangladesh , distributed among the proportion to their population.
Numbers may vary from two to twenty members per district. The seats are indicated with the district name suffixed by a number e. Panchagarh-1 or Jessore Each constituency is represented by a single member of Parliament, and is elected by the first-past-the-post system. Membership[ edit ] Article 66 of the Constitution makes membership open to any citizen of Bangladesh and only to citizens above the age of 25; dual citizenship is possible for civilians in Bangladesh, but not for MPs.
Whoever wins the most votes, regardless of turnout or proportion, wins the election. Members are elected for a term of 5 years,  with the entire Parliament dissolving five years after the swear-in.
Members can be re-elected indefinitely. They may be independent or affiliated with a political party. Members must not have served time in prison for more than two years to be eligible, unless they served this period five years prior to the elections. Any ambiguity regarding membership will be resolved by the Bangladesh Election Commission. The only case of floor crossing in Bangladesh was when majority members M. Mannan and Mahi B. Mahi B. Chowdhury retained his seat under the new party, whereas Mannan failed.
Debate about the provision[ edit ] As most candidates are elected by the funding, support and brand name of the party, resignation from the party is considered to void the choice of the people. Badruddoza Chowdhury  and Shahabuddin Ahmed  were all elected unopposed. The Parliament can also impeach the President by a two-thirds majority. Political scientists, judges in the Supreme Court, public intellectuals, newspapers and journalists, civil rights activists and members of parliament have demanded reform of the article.
Article 78 of the Constitution provides immunity for the speeches, actions and votes of the Members done within parliamentary sessions, and members are not answerable for any such actions to the court.
Past parliamentary election results[ edit ].
Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban
As part of his efforts to decrease the disparity and secessionist tendencies of East Pakistan, Khan aimed to make Dhaka a second capital, with appropriate facilities for an assembly. He initially attempted to bring Alvar Aalto and Le Corbusier , who were both were unavailable at the time. Islam then enlisted his former teacher at Yale , Louis Kahn. Kahn died when the project was approximately three-quarters completed and it continued under David Wisdom, who worked for Kahn. The exterior of the building is striking in its simplicity, with huge walls deeply recessed by porticoes and large openings of regular geometric shapes. The main building, which is at the center of the complex, is divided into three parts — the Main Plaza, South Plaza and Presidential Plaza. An artificial lake surrounds three sides of the main building of Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban, extending to the Members of Parliament hostel complex.