Durchschnittliche Bewertung: 3. Verheiratet war er mit einer Starpianistin seiner Zeit: Clara Wieck reiste schon mit neun Jahren als musikalisches Wunderkind durchs Land. Sein Leben hatte stets zwei Seiten. Besonders wenn es um Musik ging.
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Many of his best-known piano pieces were written for his wife, the pianist Clara Schumann. Top Questions Why is Robert Schumann important? Robert Schumann was a German Romantic composer renowned particularly for his piano music, lieder songs , and orchestral music. What is Robert Schumann famous for? But another side of his complex personality is evident in the forthright approach and strongly rhythmic patterns of such works as the Toccata and Piano Quintet.
Other notable works included Symphony No. His family encouraged him to enter the University of Leipzig as a law student. Schumann, however, studied piano seriously with the celebrated teacher, Friedrich Wieck. How was Robert Schumann educated? Robert Schumann began studying the piano at age six. Under family pressure, he entered the University of Leipzig to study law in , while taking piano lessons with Friedrich Wieck. An injury ended his hopes of a career as a virtuoso, confining him to writing compositions, the first of which were published in How did Robert Schumann die?
Robert Schumann had been mentally unstable all his life, suffering periodic attacks of severe depression and nervous exhaustion. In , after attempting suicide by drowning, he was sent to a private asylum, where he died two and a half years later at the age of 46, though the exact cause is debated. After four years at a private school, the boy entered the Zwickau Gymnasium high school in and remained there for eight years. He began his musical education at the age of six, studying the piano.
In he came under the musical influence of the Austrian composer Franz Schubert and the literary influence of the German poet Jean Paul Richter , and in the same year he composed some songs. In Schumann left school and, under family pressure, reluctantly entered the University of Leipzig as a law student.
But at Leipzig his time was devoted not to the law but to song composition , improvisation at the piano, and attempts to write novels. In the summer of he left Leipzig for Heidelberg. There he composed waltzes in the style of Franz Schubert, afterward used in his piano cycle Papillons Opus 2; —31 , and practiced industriously with a view to abandoning law and becoming a virtuoso pianist—with the result that his mother agreed to allow him to return to Leipzig in October to study for a trial period with Wieck, who thought highly of his talent but doubted his stability and capacity for hard work.
Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. An accident to one of the fingers of his right hand, which put an end to his hopes of a career as a virtuoso, was perhaps not an unmitigated misfortune, since it confined him to composition. For Schumann, this was a period of prolific composition in piano pieces, which were published either at once or, in revised forms, later.
In Schumann had become engaged to Ernestine von Fricken, but long before the engagement was formally broken off Jan. Clara returned his kisses but obeyed her father when he ordered her to break off the relationship. Robert and Clara Schumann, lithograph by J.
Hofelich The Bettmann Archive The mature years Schumann had by now entered upon one of his most fertile creative periods, producing a series of imaginative works for piano. Schumann wrote most of Faschingsschwank while on a visit to Vienna , during which he unearthed a number of manuscripts by Franz Schubert, including that of the Symphony in C Major The Great. Clara had been pressing him to widen his scope, to launch out in other media—above all, the orchestra.
Now in January—February he composed the Symphony No. After this the orchestral impulse was temporarily spent. In another new departure, Schumann in wrote several chamber works, the finest being the Piano Quintet in E-flat Major. He made his debut as a conductor—a role in which he was invariably ineffective—with its first performance in December of that year. The first few months of were spent on a concert tour of Russia with Clara, which depressed Schumann by making him conscious of his inferior role.
On returning to Leipzig he resigned the editorship of the Neue Zeitschrift. In the autumn of his work was interrupted by a serious nervous collapse. From late to he and Clara lived in Dresden , where his health was gradually restored. In he began another symphony, No. He had contemplated suicide on at least three occasions in the s, and from the mids on he suffered periodic attacks of severe depression and nervous exhaustion.
His musical powers had also declined by the late s, though some of his works still display flashes of his former genius. By a general deterioration of his nervous system was becoming apparent. On Feb. On February 26 he asked to be taken to a lunatic asylum, and the next day he attempted suicide by drowning. On March 4 he was removed to a private asylum at Endenich, near Bonn, where he lived for nearly two and a half years, able to correspond for a time with Clara and his friends.
He died there in Robert Schumann.
Robert Schumann - Traumerei Piano Tutorial