The text by Dunash ha-Levi ben Labrat is a prayer for peace and freedom, a prayer in praise of the Sabbath, a prayer for security by an uprooted people. Jews from the Middle East were transplanted to Italy as early as Ancient Roman times, as Jews expelled from Spain found a home there after Italian Jewish communities incorporated descendents of both Sephardic refugees as well as those of slaves brought back from Judaea by conquering Roman armies. That the Jewish presence in Italy was characterized by the familiar and precarious balance between assimilation and exile is well known to us. What is less commonly explored is the cross-fertilization between Jewish and Christian musical cultures, and the impact this exchange had on mainstream compositional voices of the seicento.
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His compositional output is unique: Although he did try his hand at opera, Durante never really attempted to compete in that theatrical medium, unlike almost all of his colleagues in Naples at the time. His gift was simply not for opera, but rather for church music: He created works in all genres and Read more styles of devotional and liturgical music.
Though never prolific, Durante was concerned with quality, not quantity, which points to how well the teaching profession fit him. Because he was always dedicated to artistic concerns and remained open to new ideas, he was a much sought-after and revered maestro.
From a large family, Durante was first influenced by his father, who served as a singer at the parish church. When his father died, his uncle, Don Angelo, became his next mentor and in , he enrolled in the Conservatory of S. Onofrio a Capuana to study with his uncle, the primo maestro, and violinist Gaetano Francone. After three years at the conservatory, he had his first known creative work, a scherzo drammatico, performed in Naples in Little is known of his life between that point and There is speculation that he went to Rome to continue his studies.
His concentration on sacred music, plus his interest in concertos and keyboard music, point to Roman influences. Pergolesi was one of his students there. During this period, his famous Sonate per cembalo divisi in studii e divertimenti were published Also from this period were the Requiem in G minor and the Missa in Palestrina The works from these years show a composer with a firm grip on his craft, often looking forward but still sensitive to inherited traditions as well as to contemporary tastes.
He resigned from the Poveri in roughly and his activities are unknown until , when he accepted another position at S. Maria di Loreto. There, his students included such future masters as Fenaroli, Sacchini, and Speranza. In , he was also given the head position at S.
Onofrio and he continued both teaching positions until his death. In his last decade when his students included Piccinni and Paisiello , Durante was considered the most distinguished of all Neapolitan teachers.
In all his late masterworks, one finds unique thematic and structural shape as well as emphasis on expression and orchestration There are few details available about his personal life. His first wife, Orsola de Laurentis, died in , ending 27 years of unhappy marriage.
He married Anna Furano in , then after her sad death in , he married Angela Anna Carmina Giacobbe, a former house servant. Durante was simple-mannered, yet profoundly wise when it came to artistic matters. Interestingly enough, two popular arias attributed to Durante that are consistently included in modern anthologies of Italian songs -- perhaps two of the only works for which he is still recognized -- are actually just solfeggios or vocal exercises to which elaborate accompaniment and text were added in the nineteenth century.
He wrote many didactic works and even in his non-didactic compositions there are signs in the scores revealing the teacher in him i. Having been such an important teacher in Naples, Durante was remembered long after he died. In , Rousseau perhaps over-exuberantly praised him in as being the supreme master of harmony in Italy and the world.
Needless to say, his famous Magnificat in B flat second version was still performed and still heavily praised at the end of the nineteenth century. Certainly, the great contributions Durante made to the development of eighteenth century Neapolitan church music as well as instrumental music merit such generous homage.
Read less There are 47 Francesco Durante recordings available. Select a specific Work or Popular Work below or.
"Vergin, tutto amor" Sheet Music
Vergin, tutto amor - A Minor
Arias: Soprano-b.c. — Vergin, tutto amor
Vergin, tutto amor（愛に満ちた処女よ）の歌詞・対訳・無料楽譜