Teatro y novelas[ editar ] Cuentos Editorial Americaleye. Griselda Gambaro, Ed. Goyanarte, Buenos Aires, El Desatino. Historias cortas. Una felicidad con menos pena.
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Biography Griselda Gambaro Facts Griselda Gambaro born is a powerful, world-renowned, prize-winning playwright, novelist, and short story writer.
For decades she has been creating allegorical dramas that deal with issues relating to the oppressive political and social environment of Argentina in the s, s, and s. She was born in Buenos Aires on July 28, Growing up as the only girl amongst four older brothers in a poor family was not easy.
Her father was a postal worker of limited economic means, tending to the most basic needs of his children. As a result, the young girl had little access to books and plays, and her public schooling did not provide her with good formal education.
Gambaro was highly motivated, though, and refused to be stopped by her circumstances. After finishing high school in , she began working in a publishing company. Gambaro began writing at a young age, but her work was not immediately successful.
It was so immature, so full of the sort of imperfections that mar many first books," she confessed in Interviews with Contemporary Women Playwrights. In her mid-thirties, however, Gambaro suddenly started to enjoy great recognition and success as a writer.
At the same time, she became involved with the Instituto Torcuato Di Tella, an avant-garde foundation formed in Buenos Aires in that combined sociological studies with the fine arts until it was forced to close in due to the repressive political climate. The Instituto achieved a name for itself in the s as a hot bed of groundbreaking experimental art, music, and theater. It must be due to personal reasons; I am a very cowardly woman.
Very cowardly in every way. I am very preoccupied with passivity and the non-assumption of individual responsibility. In society it is that way and, also, in my plays.
The dramatist did not locate her plays literally within Argentina by use of identifiable nationalist themes or specific references to her native country. Instead the physical and mental abuse played out by her characters mirrors the reality perpetrated by the Argentine military in the s through the Dirty War ending in Adding to the surreal nature of her work was the fact that the action of the plays was rarely linear or logical, and it was almost always terrifying.
Las paredes, for example, is about a nameless Youth who is abducted and questioned by an Official and a Custodian in a well-decorated room.
Nobody seems to know why he is being held captive, but the tormentors are dead set on breaking his will and torturing him, regardless. Still, at the end of the play, he is unable to bring himself to walk out the open door because he is so deeply traumatized.
Years in Exile Gambaro managed to remain in good enough favor with the Argentine regime until when her novel Ganarse la muerte was banned. As any material was considered subversive—Marx, Freud—a big burning of books resulted. Everyone who owned books burned them," Gambaro explained in Interviews. She refused to publish it for many years because of its obvious political message and the certain negative repercussions that would ensue once it was released.
Gambaro and her family went into self-imposed exile for three years in Barcelona, Spain, from to When it failed, a new era of freedom began, exemplified by the fact that a formerly banned playwright, Carlos Gorostiza, was named minister of culture. Although the political climate in Argentina had calmed, the writer was no less passionate in her work. The courteous and generous have their counterpart in the violent and the armed who move among the shadows…. One never really knows what country one is living in, because the two co-exist.
It indirectly, but clearly, was a reminder of the phenomenon of desaparecidos "the disappeared". These vanished Argentine citizens, many of whom were intellectuals or politically conscious members of society, were commonly dragged off to a horrible fate, often in the dead of night, by the former dictatorship while their neighbors pretended they did not see what was happening.
At the time, Ganarse la muerte had been published in France and Gambaro was invited there. I started to realize things which, before that time, I had only felt in an instinctive way," she told Kathleen Betsko and Rachel Koenig in Interviews. She created a number of plays with strong female characters. She renounces the traditional sphere, home and hearth, and refuses to remain silent," Elaine Parnow commented in The Female Dramatist. For example, marginalized characters in Del sol naciente joined forces at the end of the play, their solidarity and humanity undermining the oppressive system in which they found themselves.
This transformation from passive characters to consciously united, active ones reflects the way in which Argentine society was unable to fight government oppression until the Falklands War brought about a group effort to overcome it. In this era, her plays began changing in texture and theme-personal emotions, rather than state control became the main subject.
Penas sin importancia, written in the early s, has been described by reviewers as having a gentler tone than her previous work, reflecting the transitions— socially, economically, and politically—that have occurred in Argentina since Gambaro began writing. Since the early s, Gambaro has let loose her words through plays, fiction, and essays. In the face of terror, exile, repression, and financial challenges, the dramatist has never failed to offer creative, poignant, relevant, and painfully true perspectives on politics and human nature.
Marting, Diane E. Partnow, Elaine T. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Copyright The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Teatro: Las paredes / El desatino / Los siameses
Edited, Translated and with an Introduction by Marguerite Feitlowitz. Sebastian Doggart , Nick Hern Books, One cannot help wondering whether the first audiences for this play would have identified the menacing figures who appear in it with particular political or public faces. On one hand this play is an outcry and a prescient warning about this the misuse of authority and fearful acquiescence before it and on the other a picture of the exploitation, cruelty and even torture that even partners or siblings can inflict upon each other.
Las paredes, Griselda Gambaro
Griselda Gambaro Facts